Q&A: Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work

Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work — Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam


I have a brother who is contemplating a career change primarily because he would not be able to hold a teaching position at the elementary school level if he had to leave every week for Jumu?a. I have apparently been told that the Syrian Hanafi position is that Jumu?a is not mandatory in the West because there is no Muslim ruler or established Islamic authority.


The position of the mainstream and majority of scholars, both from the Subcontinent and the Arab world, is that the condition of having a Muslim ruler sultan in order to establish the Friday prayer is not a condition in of itself; rather, a means to ensure that there is no dispute regarding the establishment of the Friday prayer.

The renowned Hanafi Jurist faqih, Imam al-Kasani Allah have mercy on him explains in his Bada?i al-Sana?i that the condition of having the Sultan?s permission is to avoid any possible disputes and arguments, because the Friday jumu?a prayer is offered in a large congregating and to lead such a massive congregation in prayer is indeed a great privilege; hence, it may lead those who like to be in the limelight into competing and arguing with one another to acquire the post of leading the Friday prayer. For this reason, appointing the right person to lead the Friday prayer was left to the discretion of the Sultan, so that he may appoint whomever he feels fit for this esteemed position. As a result, there would be no dispute, for others would be forced into obeying the Sultan and may even fear his punishment. Bada?i al-Sana?i, 1/261

He further states that the above is when the Sultan or his representative is present. However, if the Sultan was not able to attend for one reason or another and the time of Jumu?a Salat came in, then there is nothing wrong in the congregation uniting in the appointment of an Imam and praying behind him. This is supported by what Imam Muhammad has narrated that when Sayyiduna Uthman Allah be pleased with him was surrounded by the enemies, people appointed Sayyiduna Ali Allah be pleased with him to lead them in the Friday prayer. ibid

In light of the above explanation and in light of the explanation given by many other jurists, it is not a condition of the Friday prayer that it be performed in a Muslim land. In the absence of a Sultan or a Muslim ruler, it is completely permissible for the Muslims to choose someone to lead the Friday prayer and such a Friday prayer would be considered valid.

When the Friday prayer is considered valid, it becomes obligatory upon each and every Muslim male to attend the prayer unless there is a dire and genuine excuse. Missing the Friday prayer without a legally accepted excuse would be extremely sinful.

Allah Most High says:

?O you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Prayer and Khutba and leave all transactions. This is best for you if you know.?
— Sura al-Jumu?a, V: 9

The above is the position of most contemporary Ulama. What you have been told regarding the Syrian Hanafi position, it is incorrect; rather, many top Syrian Ulama concur with the position of the Subcontinent Fuqaha, in that the Friday prayer is obligatory even in the West. I myself once heard Shaykh Muhammad Sa?id Ramadhan al-Buti Allah preserve him refuting quite vigorously the isolated position of Jumu?a not being obligatory in the West.

Hence, your brother will be doing the right thing by looking for an alternative job if he is unable to offer his Jumu?a prayer at his current post. It will not be permitted to take up a career where one is regularly unable to offer one?s Friday prayer, even in the West.

And Allah knows best

Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

via Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work.

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The Virtues of the Friday Prayer

The Virtues of the Friday Prayer

Understanding Virtue through the Prophetic Teachings Lesson Thirteen: In this lesson Shaykh Faraz discusses the importance of the Friday prayer, how it may expiate our sins, and some etiquette pertaining to it. Abu Hurayra Allah be pleased with him relates that the Messenger of Allah peace and blessings be upon him said, ?Whoever performs ritual ablution and does so well, and then goes to the Friday prayer, listens, and is attentive shall have all their sins between that Friday and the previous Friday as well as three extra days. And whoever touches pebbles has idled.? [Muslim and others]


Download podcasts directly onto your iPod by going to Seekers Guidance Islamic Knowledge Podcasts

via The Virtues of the Friday Prayer.

Friday Khutbah (09 January 2009): Friday Khutbah about Israeli attacks on Gaza around the Arab World

NYTimes.com has asked their reporters/friends in different capitals around the Arab world (Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Syria, Iran and Lebanon) to go to a neighbourhood mosque to hear the khutbah this week and to report back on what they heard concerning Gaza.

There is no difference in color, in gender or in language. Islam is one and the book is one and the direction we face to pray is one and the pillars of Islam are one.

What we have to do, Muslim brothers, is come together and strengthen our external and internal fronts.

— Sheikh Eid Abdel Hamid Youssef, Egypt

via Rage Over Gaza in Friday Prayers – The Lede Blog – NYTimes.com.

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Events – University of Manchester Islamic Society

Forthcoming events organised by your Islamic Society.

Monday 26 Nov 2007: Sahabah – A Forgotten Nation

A talk presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

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Speaker: Othman Latif
Time: 26 Nov 2007 at 17:30
Venue: Roscoe Theatre A

Tuesday 27 Nov 2007: Trials & Tribulations

A talk presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

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Speaker: Omar (Tate) Abdullah
Time: 27 Nov 2007 at 17:30
Venue: Roscoe Theatre B

Wednesday 28 Nov 2007: One Day Football Tournament (Brothers)

Presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

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Time: 28 Nov 2007 at 13:00
Venue: Pitz – Power League, Ardwick

£20 per team. Limited spaces.
Register your team now: +44 (0)7976 387672 [email protected]

Wednesday 28 Nov 2007: Bowling (Sisters)

Presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

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Time: 28 Nov 2007 at 13:00
Venue: Meet at McDougall (UoM Couth Campus Prayer Room)

Thursday 29 Nov 2007: Who Are You?

A talk presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

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Speaker: Ilyas Karmani
Time: 29 Nov 2007 at 17:30
Venue: Roscoe Theatre B

Friday 30 Nov 2007: Dinner – Time for Change

Presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

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Including a talk and entertainment.

Speaker: Yusuf Chambers
Time: 30 Nov 2007, arrive at 17:30
Venue: Sanams Restaurant

Tickets cost £10 each. These can be purchased from any committee member, or by contacting us at:
Tel: +44 (0)7730 517492
Email: [email protected] or [email protected]