Tag Archives: Prayers

Q&A: Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work

Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work — Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam

Question:

I have a brother who is contemplating a career change primarily because he would not be able to hold a teaching position at the elementary school level if he had to leave every week for Jumu’a. I have apparently been told that the Syrian Hanafi position is that Jumu’a is not mandatory in the West because there is no Muslim ruler or established Islamic authority.

Answer:

The position of the mainstream and majority of scholars, both from the Subcontinent and the Arab world, is that the condition of having a Muslim ruler sultan in order to establish the Friday prayer is not a condition in of itself; rather, a means to ensure that there is no dispute regarding the establishment of the Friday prayer.

The renowned Hanafi Jurist faqih, Imam al-Kasani Allah have mercy on him explains in his Bada’i al-Sana’i that the condition of having the Sultan’s permission is to avoid any possible disputes and arguments, because the Friday jumu’a prayer is offered in a large congregating and to lead such a massive congregation in prayer is indeed a great privilege; hence, it may lead those who like to be in the limelight into competing and arguing with one another to acquire the post of leading the Friday prayer. For this reason, appointing the right person to lead the Friday prayer was left to the discretion of the Sultan, so that he may appoint whomever he feels fit for this esteemed position. As a result, there would be no dispute, for others would be forced into obeying the Sultan and may even fear his punishment. Bada’i al-Sana’i, 1/261

He further states that the above is when the Sultan or his representative is present. However, if the Sultan was not able to attend for one reason or another and the time of Jumu’a Salat came in, then there is nothing wrong in the congregation uniting in the appointment of an Imam and praying behind him. This is supported by what Imam Muhammad has narrated that when Sayyiduna Uthman Allah be pleased with him was surrounded by the enemies, people appointed Sayyiduna Ali Allah be pleased with him to lead them in the Friday prayer. ibid

In light of the above explanation and in light of the explanation given by many other jurists, it is not a condition of the Friday prayer that it be performed in a Muslim land. In the absence of a Sultan or a Muslim ruler, it is completely permissible for the Muslims to choose someone to lead the Friday prayer and such a Friday prayer would be considered valid.

When the Friday prayer is considered valid, it becomes obligatory upon each and every Muslim male to attend the prayer unless there is a dire and genuine excuse. Missing the Friday prayer without a legally accepted excuse would be extremely sinful.

Allah Most High says:

“O you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Prayer and Khutba and leave all transactions. This is best for you if you know.”
– Sura al-Jumu’a, V: 9

The above is the position of most contemporary Ulama. What you have been told regarding the Syrian Hanafi position, it is incorrect; rather, many top Syrian Ulama concur with the position of the Subcontinent Fuqaha, in that the Friday prayer is obligatory even in the West. I myself once heard Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id Ramadhan al-Buti Allah preserve him refuting quite vigorously the isolated position of Jumu’a not being obligatory in the West.

Hence, your brother will be doing the right thing by looking for an alternative job if he is unable to offer his Jumu’a prayer at his current post. It will not be permitted to take up a career where one is regularly unable to offer one’s Friday prayer, even in the West.

And Allah knows best

Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

via Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work.

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The Virtues of the Friday Prayer

The Virtues of the Friday Prayer

Understanding Virtue through the Prophetic Teachings Lesson Thirteen: In this lesson Shaykh Faraz discusses the importance of the Friday prayer, how it may expiate our sins, and some etiquette pertaining to it. Abu Hurayra Allah be pleased with him relates that the Messenger of Allah peace and blessings be upon him said, “Whoever performs ritual ablution and does so well, and then goes to the Friday prayer, listens, and is attentive shall have all their sins between that Friday and the previous Friday as well as three extra days. And whoever touches pebbles has idled.” [Muslim and others]

Download podcasts directly onto your iPod by going to Seekers Guidance Islamic Knowledge Podcasts

via The Virtues of the Friday Prayer.

Friday Khutbah (09 January 2009): Friday Khutbah about Israeli attacks on Gaza around the Arab World

NYTimes.com has asked their reporters/friends in different capitals around the Arab world (Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Syria, Iran and Lebanon) to go to a neighbourhood mosque to hear the khutbah this week and to report back on what they heard concerning Gaza.

There is no difference in color, in gender or in language. Islam is one and the book is one and the direction we face to pray is one and the pillars of Islam are one.

What we have to do, Muslim brothers, is come together and strengthen our external and internal fronts.

– Sheikh Eid Abdel Hamid Youssef, Egypt

via Rage Over Gaza in Friday Prayers – The Lede Blog – NYTimes.com.

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Events – University of Manchester Islamic Society

Forthcoming events organised by your Islamic Society.

Monday 26 Nov 2007: Sahabah – A Forgotten Nation

A talk presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

Muslim Week poster

Speaker: Othman Latif
Time: 26 Nov 2007 at 17:30
Venue: Roscoe Theatre A

Tuesday 27 Nov 2007: Trials & Tribulations

A talk presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

Muslim Week poster

Speaker: Omar (Tate) Abdullah
Time: 27 Nov 2007 at 17:30
Venue: Roscoe Theatre B

Wednesday 28 Nov 2007: One Day Football Tournament (Brothers)

Presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

Muslim Week poster

Time: 28 Nov 2007 at 13:00
Venue: Pitz – Power League, Ardwick

£20 per team. Limited spaces.
Register your team now: +44 (0)7976 387672 [email protected]

Wednesday 28 Nov 2007: Bowling (Sisters)

Presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

Muslim Week poster

Time: 28 Nov 2007 at 13:00
Venue: Meet at McDougall (UoM Couth Campus Prayer Room)

Thursday 29 Nov 2007: Who Are You?

A talk presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

Muslim Week poster

Speaker: Ilyas Karmani
Time: 29 Nov 2007 at 17:30
Venue: Roscoe Theatre B

Friday 30 Nov 2007: Dinner – Time for Change

Presented as part of Muslim Week 2007.

Muslim Week poster

Including a talk and entertainment.

Speaker: Yusuf Chambers
Time: 30 Nov 2007, arrive at 17:30
Venue: Sanams Restaurant

Tickets cost £10 each. These can be purchased from any committee member, or by contacting us at:
Tel: +44 (0)7730 517492
Email: [email protected] or [email protected]

Ramadan Message from Mercy Mission and AlKauthar Institute

Last week I have received this email from Tawfique Chowdhury (director of the Mercy Mission and AlKauthar Institute).

Dear student and friend,

Assalamualiakum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

It is truly by Allah‘s immense blessings that we are alive for yet another Ramadan. Words cannot describe our gratitude to Allah and the joy in our hearts as we ease into this Month of Mercy. What an amazing time this month will be! A month of forgiveness and safety from the fire; a month in which there is a special dua that He accepts every day at the time of breaking our fast; a month in which we remember our poor and our brothers languishing in the depths of the prisons away from their families; where the wretched devils are chained; and the beautiful angels descend; where evil is destroyed and goodness prevails; a month of great victory for the ummah at the battle of Badr, the conquest of Makkah, the tremendous victory of the valiant Tariq bin Ziyad over the lands of Andalusia, the victory of brave Salahuddeen over the Crusaders, the victory of the gallant Salahudden Qutz and his Muslims knights in the plains of Ain Jalut in that epic battle over the Mongols – all of this in the month of divine help and glory: Ramadan; a month of devotion to Allah and prayers upon His noble Prophet; a month of friendship and love with our beloved ummah; a month of charity and Zakat and cleansing; a month of the Quran and wondering in its wisdoms; a month of journey every night into the gardens of prayer to a Lord that is delighted to see His slaves begging and asking for His bounty; a month with days of seclusion with Allah in the corners of His mosques to remember and remind us of the imminent seclusion in the belly of the grave; a month of the most powerful night of all when the angels descend with mighty Jibraeel alaihis salam to spread peace and tranquillity until the morn. What a shame that our non-Muslim colleagues fail to realise our sheer joy at the coming of this month. Truly, it is just as the pious predecessors used to say: The people of worship in their worship are more joyous than the people of frivolities in their playfulness.

I would like to take this opportunity to greet you, to congratulate you on the advent of Ramadan, to make my sincere dua for you, to express my deepest friendship and love for you and my sincere care and support for you and your families with the sincere hope that Allah makes this month a means to ease your worries, to replace it with goodness and transform your world into a Jannah in this life. May Allah give you what your heart desires and amaze you with His bounty and grace. Today, with the Ummah in the grips of wars and military aggression, earthquakes and natural disasters and a constant intellectual war on our way of life and our Islamic ethics and values – at a time like this, we are in need of a divine intervention. In times like this, Allah the most high has equipped us with a weapon more powerful than anything known to man. A weapon that we can use any time, where ever we may be, having unlimited ammunition and unlimited strength – it is the weapon of every believer: Dua. I urge you to use that divine weapon in this month; to fortify yourself from every evil and trial and use it to replace the honour and glory that is rightly for this Ummah. I ask Allah that He makes this a month of unity and strength and honour and glory and forgiveness and hope for you, me and all Muslims. Ameen.

My friends, the key to success in this Ramadan, will not be the performance of major deeds in some of the nights rather than others. It is and always will be the performance of those little things, but with precise regularity. Such will be the path to our spiritual revival, the means to have every gate of Jannah to bear our names and the way to making Allah amazed and content with us. It is in with this in mind that I have designed a list of activities and deeds that a Muslim should endeavour to do in Ramadan. If you stick to it and do as much of it as possible, then I have no doubt that you will qualify for being a true and exemplary believer. http://www.alkauthar.org/downloads/Ramadanchecklist.pdf

Also, in the last few months, Islam Channel in the UK was kind enough to film a series of heart warming lectures by myself in Europe’s first Muslim only graveyard – the Gardens of peace. The series will have started to show already on Islam Channel daily. I encourage you to make some time to see every episode in that series since I myself have been profoundly touched ever since I did that series in that amazing graveyard. I hope that it will help you to put your life in perspective and to realize that in the grand scale of our Journey to the Hereafter, we are only here for a fleeting time.

Lastly my friends, if there is anything at all that I can do to help you or to make Ramadan more enjoyable for you and more successful for you, then please do not deny me the honour of aiding you in it. Please don’t hesitate to email me if you wish, or use the forums for any non-personal issues and questions that you may have: http://forums.alkauthar.org I hope to see you again sometime soon inshaAllah.

Wassalamualaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

Tawfique Chowdhury
DirectorMercy Mission and AlKauthar Institute
alkauthar.org

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Q & A: How much do you need to listen for your Friday prayer to be valid?

QA: How much do you need to listen for your Friday prayer to be valid?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Q: How much of Friday Khutbah do you need to listen to for your Friday prayer to be valid

A:
bismi-llāhi ar-raḥmāni ar-raḥīmi

Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate

1. Attending the khutba is a necessary duty, and it is sinful to be late for the khutba. It is necessary, too, to take the means to be able to attend the khutba in full; and anything that delays one’s attendance of the khutba–even an otherwise praiseworthy matter such as a sunna ghusl for Friday–is interdicted, because of the Divine Command, “… if the call to prayer is given on Friday, then hasten to the remembrance of Allah [f: namely, the khutba] and leave your trade.” [Qur'an]

2. However, the validity of one’s Friday prayer itself is not contingent upon attending the khutba. Rather, one’s Friday prayer itself is valid and counts even if one joined the congregation at the very end.

[Ref: Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani

Source: SunniPath