Friday Khutbah (02 May 2008): Hasten To Do Good
– by Imam Al-Madinah Al-Munawarrah Sheikh ?Alee al Hudaify
from the Prophet?s Mosque in Madinah, on Rabee ath Thaani 26, 1429
All praise is due to Allah. We praise Allah, and seek His help and guidance. We turn to Him in repentance and we put all our affairs in His hands. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of ourselves and the evil of our bad deeds. Indeed, whoever Allah guides, none can misguide, and whomever Allah allows to fall astray, there is none who can guide him. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, the one true God who has no partner. I also testify that Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is Allah?s servant and messenger. Oh Allah, send your abundant peace and blessing upon your servant and prophet Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam), his family, his companions, and whoever follows his guidance until the last day.
Oh servants of Allah, fear Allah so that you please Him. It is the fear of Allah that purifies hearts and souls and causes you to succeed in the hereafter. Allah says
“…And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out. And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine… whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him… and whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will expiate from him his sins, and will enlarge his reward.”
— [Surah Talaaq : Ayaah 2-5]
I have a brother who is contemplating a career change primarily because he would not be able to hold a teaching position at the elementary school level if he had to leave every week for Jumu?a. I have apparently been told that the Syrian Hanafi position is that Jumu?a is not mandatory in the West because there is no Muslim ruler or established Islamic authority.
The position of the mainstream and majority of scholars, both from the Subcontinent and the Arab world, is that the condition of having a Muslim ruler sultan in order to establish the Friday prayer is not a condition in of itself; rather, a means to ensure that there is no dispute regarding the establishment of the Friday prayer.
The renowned Hanafi Jurist faqih, Imam al-Kasani Allah have mercy on him explains in his Bada?i al-Sana?i that the condition of having the Sultan?s permission is to avoid any possible disputes and arguments, because the Friday jumu?a prayer is offered in a large congregating and to lead such a massive congregation in prayer is indeed a great privilege; hence, it may lead those who like to be in the limelight into competing and arguing with one another to acquire the post of leading the Friday prayer. For this reason, appointing the right person to lead the Friday prayer was left to the discretion of the Sultan, so that he may appoint whomever he feels fit for this esteemed position. As a result, there would be no dispute, for others would be forced into obeying the Sultan and may even fear his punishment. Bada?i al-Sana?i, 1/261
He further states that the above is when the Sultan or his representative is present. However, if the Sultan was not able to attend for one reason or another and the time of Jumu?a Salat came in, then there is nothing wrong in the congregation uniting in the appointment of an Imam and praying behind him. This is supported by what Imam Muhammad has narrated that when Sayyiduna Uthman Allah be pleased with him was surrounded by the enemies, people appointed Sayyiduna Ali Allah be pleased with him to lead them in the Friday prayer. ibid
In light of the above explanation and in light of the explanation given by many other jurists, it is not a condition of the Friday prayer that it be performed in a Muslim land. In the absence of a Sultan or a Muslim ruler, it is completely permissible for the Muslims to choose someone to lead the Friday prayer and such a Friday prayer would be considered valid.
When the Friday prayer is considered valid, it becomes obligatory upon each and every Muslim male to attend the prayer unless there is a dire and genuine excuse. Missing the Friday prayer without a legally accepted excuse would be extremely sinful.
Allah Most High says:
?O you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Prayer and Khutba and leave all transactions. This is best for you if you know.?
— Sura al-Jumu?a, V: 9
The above is the position of most contemporary Ulama. What you have been told regarding the Syrian Hanafi position, it is incorrect; rather, many top Syrian Ulama concur with the position of the Subcontinent Fuqaha, in that the Friday prayer is obligatory even in the West. I myself once heard Shaykh Muhammad Sa?id Ramadhan al-Buti Allah preserve him refuting quite vigorously the isolated position of Jumu?a not being obligatory in the West.
Hence, your brother will be doing the right thing by looking for an alternative job if he is unable to offer his Jumu?a prayer at his current post. It will not be permitted to take up a career where one is regularly unable to offer one?s Friday prayer, even in the West.
And Allah knows best
Muhammad ibn Adam
Leicester , UK
In this Friday Khutbah, Brother Hisham Omara (a PhD Student) explains the three types of responsibilities that we have. Asking everyone to ponder upon their own responsibilities and plan how to fulfil these responsibilities.
The three types of responsibilities are:
- Responsibility to the creator (Allah)
- Responsibility to yourself and family
- Responsibility to your community and Ummah
The main topic of the Khutbah focused on the understanding your responsibilities in light of Quran and Sunnah.
Brother Hisham asked everyone to ask themselves three questions:
- Do you have responsibilities?
- What are these responsibilities?
- Are you fulfilling these responsibilities?
Brother also asked everyone to ponder on their responsibilities and how to fulfil them. He asks those who have understood their responsibilities and are already carry out their role, to focus on those responsibilities that they are lacking.
As a conclusion (takeaway message) Brother Hisham asked everyone to think of three of their responsibilities and plan to fulfil them from now.