Q&A: Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work

Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work — Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam

Question:

I have a brother who is contemplating a career change primarily because he would not be able to hold a teaching position at the elementary school level if he had to leave every week for Jumu?a. I have apparently been told that the Syrian Hanafi position is that Jumu?a is not mandatory in the West because there is no Muslim ruler or established Islamic authority.

Answer:

The position of the mainstream and majority of scholars, both from the Subcontinent and the Arab world, is that the condition of having a Muslim ruler sultan in order to establish the Friday prayer is not a condition in of itself; rather, a means to ensure that there is no dispute regarding the establishment of the Friday prayer.

The renowned Hanafi Jurist faqih, Imam al-Kasani Allah have mercy on him explains in his Bada?i al-Sana?i that the condition of having the Sultan?s permission is to avoid any possible disputes and arguments, because the Friday jumu?a prayer is offered in a large congregating and to lead such a massive congregation in prayer is indeed a great privilege; hence, it may lead those who like to be in the limelight into competing and arguing with one another to acquire the post of leading the Friday prayer. For this reason, appointing the right person to lead the Friday prayer was left to the discretion of the Sultan, so that he may appoint whomever he feels fit for this esteemed position. As a result, there would be no dispute, for others would be forced into obeying the Sultan and may even fear his punishment. Bada?i al-Sana?i, 1/261

He further states that the above is when the Sultan or his representative is present. However, if the Sultan was not able to attend for one reason or another and the time of Jumu?a Salat came in, then there is nothing wrong in the congregation uniting in the appointment of an Imam and praying behind him. This is supported by what Imam Muhammad has narrated that when Sayyiduna Uthman Allah be pleased with him was surrounded by the enemies, people appointed Sayyiduna Ali Allah be pleased with him to lead them in the Friday prayer. ibid

In light of the above explanation and in light of the explanation given by many other jurists, it is not a condition of the Friday prayer that it be performed in a Muslim land. In the absence of a Sultan or a Muslim ruler, it is completely permissible for the Muslims to choose someone to lead the Friday prayer and such a Friday prayer would be considered valid.

When the Friday prayer is considered valid, it becomes obligatory upon each and every Muslim male to attend the prayer unless there is a dire and genuine excuse. Missing the Friday prayer without a legally accepted excuse would be extremely sinful.

Allah Most High says:

?O you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Prayer and Khutba and leave all transactions. This is best for you if you know.?
— Sura al-Jumu?a, V: 9

The above is the position of most contemporary Ulama. What you have been told regarding the Syrian Hanafi position, it is incorrect; rather, many top Syrian Ulama concur with the position of the Subcontinent Fuqaha, in that the Friday prayer is obligatory even in the West. I myself once heard Shaykh Muhammad Sa?id Ramadhan al-Buti Allah preserve him refuting quite vigorously the isolated position of Jumu?a not being obligatory in the West.

Hence, your brother will be doing the right thing by looking for an alternative job if he is unable to offer his Jumu?a prayer at his current post. It will not be permitted to take up a career where one is regularly unable to offer one?s Friday prayer, even in the West.

And Allah knows best

Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

via Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work.

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The Virtues of the Friday Prayer

The Virtues of the Friday Prayer

Understanding Virtue through the Prophetic Teachings Lesson Thirteen: In this lesson Shaykh Faraz discusses the importance of the Friday prayer, how it may expiate our sins, and some etiquette pertaining to it. Abu Hurayra Allah be pleased with him relates that the Messenger of Allah peace and blessings be upon him said, ?Whoever performs ritual ablution and does so well, and then goes to the Friday prayer, listens, and is attentive shall have all their sins between that Friday and the previous Friday as well as three extra days. And whoever touches pebbles has idled.? [Muslim and others]

[audio:http://media.libsyn.com/media/seekersguidance/Understanding_Virtue_-_013_-_Virtues_of_Friday_Prayers.MP3]

Download podcasts directly onto your iPod by going to Seekers Guidance Islamic Knowledge Podcasts

via The Virtues of the Friday Prayer.

Mother’s Day – a Historical Overview and the Scholars’ Rulings on this Holiday

As-Salamu `Alaykum,

Today I came across a very good article explaining the Historical Overview of Mother’s Day and the Scholars’ Rulings on this Holiday. This is not a Friday Khtubah but I hope this would help you to come up with your own khutbah, InshaAllah.

wa `Aleykum As-Salaam

Praise be to Allaah and blessings and peace be upon the Messenger of Allaah.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that his ummah would follow the previous nations, the Jews, Christians and Persians, but this was undoubtedly not praise for their actions, rather it is by way of condemnation and a warning. It was narrated from Abu Sa?eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ?You will certainly follow the ways of those who came before you, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit, until even if they entered the hole of a lizard, you will do so too.? We asked, ?O Messenger of Allaah, (do you mean) the Jews and the Christians?? He said, ?Who else?? (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3269; Muslim, 2669).

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ?The Hour will not begin until my ummah follows in the footsteps of those who came before it, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit.? It was asked, ?O Messenger of Allaah, like the Persians and Romans?? He said, ?Those are the people??

(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6888)

The ignorant among this ummah, and the innovators and heretics have followed the previous nations, the Jews, Christians and Persians, in their beliefs, ways, manners and dress. Our concern here is to point out in these days their following and imitation of them through the innovation of ?Mother?s Day? or ?Family Day?, which is a day that the Christians innovated to honour mothers, or so they claim. This then became a day that was venerated, when government departments would be shut and people would get in touch with their mothers or send them gifts and loving messages. But when the day was over, things would go back to the way they were, with people being cut off from their mothers and disobeying them.

What is strange is that the Muslims would feel a need to imitate them in such ways, when Allaah has commanded them to honour their mothers and has forbidden them to disobey them, and has made the reward for that (for obeying them) the highest status.

Continue Reading Mother?s Day ? a Historical Overview and the Scholars? Rulings on this Holiday.

Friday Khutbah (10 April 2009): Worshipping Allah with sincere intentions and Central issue of Muslim Ummah

[audio:http://www.archive.org/download/FridayKhutbah10April2009WorshipingAllahWithSincereIntentionsAnd/friday-khuthbah-10-april-2009.mp3]

Download Friday Khutbah (10 April 2009): Worshipping Allah with sincere intentions

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Recipe for Success: Unity of Muslims


Recipe for Success: Unity of Muslims – Part One

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e7e-CgE7X9E[/youtube]

Recipe for Success: Unity of Muslims – Part Two

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vfvLzs80JtI[/youtube]

Recipe for Success: Unity of Muslims – Part Three

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMRiKYhjlZY[/youtube]

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