All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his household and companions.
Fellow Muslims! I implore myself and you all to fear Allah; this honours the soul and brings it close to its Lord. No God-fearing person will ever fail and anyone who disregards the importance of piety will never be successful.
Dear Muslims! Whoever observes the condition of people in light of the current trials, tribulations and calamities that are occurring all over the world will see that the Muslims are in dire need of a generous guest that brings with it relief and progress. They are in need of this grand guest with whom they hope to be strengthened after a series of indescribable calamities and weakening incidents; hence their need for this great month of tranquility and spiritual development. It is the month of self-examination, conscience reawakening and freedom from selfishness and lustful desires. Allah says that which translates as:
?O you who have believed! Decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you, that you may become righteous.?
— (Surah Al Baqarah 2:183)
Fellow Muslims! The month of Ramadan is the month of the Quran; a Book whose light will never fade and which is a path that never leads one astray. The Glorious Quran is to man as the soul is to the body; it is a light for guidance. Whoever does not read the Quran or put its injunctions into practice is dead, despite the fact that they may speak and move. Whoever does not put it into practice has gone far astray even if they are apparently successful in all areas of life. Allah says that which translates as:
?Is one who is dead and We gave him life and made for him light by which to walk among the people like one who is in darkness, never to emerge therefrom??
— (Surah Al An?am 6:122)
A human being without the guidance of the Quran is like any living being without air or water; all their endeavors will end up in bankruptcy. Allah says that which translates as:
?Say: ?It is for those who believe, a guidance and a cure? And those who do not believe ? in their ears is deafness, and it (i.e. the Quran) is upon them blindness. Those are being called from a distant place.?
— (Surah Fussilat 41:44)
Fellow Muslims! There is no doubt that the relationship of many Muslims with the Quran is one of abandonment of either its recitation or implementation of its injunctions. It is no exaggeration to say that the diseases of past nations have affected the Muslims, while they are unaware of this. Allah says that which translates as:
?And there are among them unlettered people who do not know not the Scripture except (indulgement in) wishful thinking, but they are only assuming.?
— (Surah Al Baqarah 2:78)
The scholars of Tafsir say about this verse: ?It means: they know nothing about the Book except for its recitation, for it never passed their lungs and throats. This is because of the fact that there was a spiritual absence in their recitation and therefore, they were unable to ponder over its meanings?.
Among the causes of the absence of reflection on the meanings of the Quran is the failure to explore and understand the laws of Allah in relation to human-beings and natural phenomena. Also to blame is the sanctification of erroneous concepts and wrong interpretations of life that have become widespread among people and which are caused by unrestrained love for this world and the hatred of death. Ziyad Ibn Labid Al-Ansari, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam mentioned something and then said:
?? and that is when there will be no more knowledge.? We said, ?O Messenger of Allah! How will knowledge disappear while we have the Quran with us and we teach it to our children and while they will also teach it to theirs?? The Prophet sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam retorted: ?I thought you were one of the most knowledgeable of the people of Madinah! Are there not Jews and Christians who have their scriptures with them and yet they take no benefit from what is inside them??
— (At-Tirmidhi and others)
One is stricken with grief and shock when they see the stance that many Muslims have adopted with regard to the Book of their Lord. They have been covered by darkness and wander aimlessly; the foreign systems and ideologies that they have embraced have done nothing for them. How can it be that we have the light and yet follow the paths of other nations?
The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam lived for sixty-three years; we are used to believing that old age and the vicissitudes of life cause hair to turn grey. What then will you think of a man who attributed grey hair to some verses of the glorious Quran that he used to recite? Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam about what caused some of his beard to become grey, he sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam replied: ?It was caused by Surah Hud, Surah Al-Waqi?ah, Surah An-Naba? and Surah At-Takwir.?
Brothers in faith! The blessed month of Ramadan should be regarded as a wonderful opportunity for every Muslim to save himself from destruction and to purify their soul in preparation for the Quranic guidance that is inherent in night prayer. Allah says that which translates as:
?Indeed, the hours of the night (i.e. the rising for Tahajjud prayer) are more effective for concurrence (of heart and tongue) and more suitable for words (i.e. for recitation of the Quran and for hearing and understanding it).?
— (Surah Al Muzzammil 73:6)
Brothers in faith! The blessed month of Ramadan is a great opportunity for the Muslims to wake up for night prayers, seek refuge with Allah and turn to Him for their needs, for none has the power to answer their call except Allah alone. The Lord descends to the nearest heaven, in a way that befits his majesty, in the last third of the night and asks: ?Is there anyone who seeks My forgiveness so that I can forgive him?? Do any of us ever reflect upon and appreciate this great period which is one of those in which supplications are answered? Tell me, what are the people doing in this last part of the night? Many a miserable soul missed this blessed period! Many people are in deep slumber at this time. It is saddening that some of those who are negligent of this great period are however, ready to go anywhere where they can lodge their complaints and seek solutions to their problems ? from their fellow human beings, forgetting that it is only Allah who is capable of removing sorrow and distress. He says that which translates as:
?What is (the matter) with you that you do not attribute to Allah (due) grandeur while He has created you in stages??
— (Surah Nuh 71:13-14)
Imam Tirmidhi reported that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam said:
?There are three persons whose supplications are never rejected: The just leader, the fasting person when he breaks his fast and the oppressed when he supplicates and whose supplication is raised above the clouds and the gates of heaven are opened for it and Allah will say, ?By My Glory! I shall assist you even if it is after a while.??
Brothers in faith! There are however, some people who raise their hands in prayer and are impatient for a rapid answer; they may even feel despair if their supplications are not speedily answered. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam said:
?Allah will answer the supplication of any one of you as long as he is not hasty and says: ?I called my Lord and He did not answer.??
The delay may also be caused by sins such as the failure to uphold the rights of kinship, or perhaps it may be due to the fact that the prayer emanated only from the tongue and was not rooted in the heart. The Prophet sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam said: ?Allah does not accept the supplications from an inattentive heart.? The heart is not free from turning to the desires of this life and we all know that one who always looks back does not reach his goal in time.
Therefore, I implore you O Muslims, to make plentiful supplications to Allah, for supplication is the essence of worship. Let nobody slight their requirements however great or small they may be. Allah says that which translates as:
?And your Lord says: ?Call upon Me; I will respond to you.? Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell (rendered) contemptible.?
— (Surah Ghafir 40:60)
Here is an example for those in sorrow and distress: The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam entered the mosque one day and saw an Ansari (a resident of Madinah) man there by the name of Abu Umamah. The Prophet sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam asked him,
?O Abu Umamah, why are you sitting in the mosque at a time that is not a prayer time?? He replied: ?I was forced to do so by sorrow and debt.? The Messenger of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam then asked: ?Shall I teach you a supplication by which Allah will remove your sorrow and pay for you your debts?? He answered: ?O yes, Messenger of Allah!? The Prophet sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam then said: ?Say every morning and evening: Allahumma inni a?udhu bikka minal-hammi wal hazan, wa a?udhu bika minal-?ajzi wal-kasal wa a?udhu bika minal-jubni wal-bukhul wa a?udhu bika min ghalabatid-dayn wa qahrir-rijal.? (Meaning: O Allah, I seek refuge with You from anxiety and sorrow, weakness and laziness, miserliness and cowardice, the burden of debts and from being over powered by men.) Abu Umamah said: ?I did that and Allah removed my distress and paid for me my debt.?
— (Abu Dawud)
Fellow Muslims! The month of Ramadan is a month of generosity and spending in ways that are virtuous. Let every Muslim take part in the generosity of this month and not hesitate to wipe the tears off the faces of orphans, widows and the destitute. Let everyone keep away from stinginess and covetousness for these are two of the bad qualities from which the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam sought refuge with his Lord from. The Prophet sallallahu ?alaihi wa sallam was the most generous of mankind and his generosity multiplied during the month of Ramadan. He would never say ?no? when he was asked of anything.
Further, the benefits of charity are not restricted to the beneficiary; the donor also has a share. An example of this is when a generous person gives in charity, their heart becomes gladdened and they become pleased with that. Therefore, this person will be encouraged to give more and gain extra rewards. As for the miser, whenever he thinks of giving in charity his heart feels constrained; he feels as if he is giving away a chunk of his life!, this in turn leads to his whole life feeling constrained. However, nothing destroys the tricks and insinuations of Satan more than giving sincerely in charity. Allah says that which translates as:
?Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is All-Encompassing and Knowing.?
— (Surah Al Baqarah 2:268)
In the historical context he reminded us of:
- The Sahaba and how we should follow their footsteps.
- The youth from the Sahaba
- The instrumental role the youth played in the Hijrah of the Prophet.
The take away message:
The understanding from this Khutbah is that we also have youth amongst are growing up wasting their time doing what ever they do, watching movies and browsing the internet. Those same energies that they have, they can be harness for the future of Islam. If we use them, utilise them and bring them into use and we harness this energies they can beneficial for Islam. They can be beneficial for future of Islam in this country. But if we let them go then these youths are going wasting their time, and that energy that they could be using for the promotion of Islam. That energy is going to be used for other wasteful activities in committing sins and basically disobeying Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala.
The main thing is we have to make sure we utilise our youths.
And how to do that:
- Volunteers in the Mosques
- Youth with Leadership quality to take lead programme involving the youths.
Once they start taking part and make mosques their second homes, then we?ll find these energies are put into correct use, InshaAllah.
I have a brother who is contemplating a career change primarily because he would not be able to hold a teaching position at the elementary school level if he had to leave every week for Jumu?a. I have apparently been told that the Syrian Hanafi position is that Jumu?a is not mandatory in the West because there is no Muslim ruler or established Islamic authority.
The position of the mainstream and majority of scholars, both from the Subcontinent and the Arab world, is that the condition of having a Muslim ruler sultan in order to establish the Friday prayer is not a condition in of itself; rather, a means to ensure that there is no dispute regarding the establishment of the Friday prayer.
The renowned Hanafi Jurist faqih, Imam al-Kasani Allah have mercy on him explains in his Bada?i al-Sana?i that the condition of having the Sultan?s permission is to avoid any possible disputes and arguments, because the Friday jumu?a prayer is offered in a large congregating and to lead such a massive congregation in prayer is indeed a great privilege; hence, it may lead those who like to be in the limelight into competing and arguing with one another to acquire the post of leading the Friday prayer. For this reason, appointing the right person to lead the Friday prayer was left to the discretion of the Sultan, so that he may appoint whomever he feels fit for this esteemed position. As a result, there would be no dispute, for others would be forced into obeying the Sultan and may even fear his punishment. Bada?i al-Sana?i, 1/261
He further states that the above is when the Sultan or his representative is present. However, if the Sultan was not able to attend for one reason or another and the time of Jumu?a Salat came in, then there is nothing wrong in the congregation uniting in the appointment of an Imam and praying behind him. This is supported by what Imam Muhammad has narrated that when Sayyiduna Uthman Allah be pleased with him was surrounded by the enemies, people appointed Sayyiduna Ali Allah be pleased with him to lead them in the Friday prayer. ibid
In light of the above explanation and in light of the explanation given by many other jurists, it is not a condition of the Friday prayer that it be performed in a Muslim land. In the absence of a Sultan or a Muslim ruler, it is completely permissible for the Muslims to choose someone to lead the Friday prayer and such a Friday prayer would be considered valid.
When the Friday prayer is considered valid, it becomes obligatory upon each and every Muslim male to attend the prayer unless there is a dire and genuine excuse. Missing the Friday prayer without a legally accepted excuse would be extremely sinful.
Allah Most High says:
?O you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Prayer and Khutba and leave all transactions. This is best for you if you know.?
— Sura al-Jumu?a, V: 9
The above is the position of most contemporary Ulama. What you have been told regarding the Syrian Hanafi position, it is incorrect; rather, many top Syrian Ulama concur with the position of the Subcontinent Fuqaha, in that the Friday prayer is obligatory even in the West. I myself once heard Shaykh Muhammad Sa?id Ramadhan al-Buti Allah preserve him refuting quite vigorously the isolated position of Jumu?a not being obligatory in the West.
Hence, your brother will be doing the right thing by looking for an alternative job if he is unable to offer his Jumu?a prayer at his current post. It will not be permitted to take up a career where one is regularly unable to offer one?s Friday prayer, even in the West.
And Allah knows best
Muhammad ibn Adam
Leicester , UK