Tag Archives: Arabic

Q&A: Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work

Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work — Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam

Question:

I have a brother who is contemplating a career change primarily because he would not be able to hold a teaching position at the elementary school level if he had to leave every week for Jumu’a. I have apparently been told that the Syrian Hanafi position is that Jumu’a is not mandatory in the West because there is no Muslim ruler or established Islamic authority.

Answer:

The position of the mainstream and majority of scholars, both from the Subcontinent and the Arab world, is that the condition of having a Muslim ruler sultan in order to establish the Friday prayer is not a condition in of itself; rather, a means to ensure that there is no dispute regarding the establishment of the Friday prayer.

The renowned Hanafi Jurist faqih, Imam al-Kasani Allah have mercy on him explains in his Bada’i al-Sana’i that the condition of having the Sultan’s permission is to avoid any possible disputes and arguments, because the Friday jumu’a prayer is offered in a large congregating and to lead such a massive congregation in prayer is indeed a great privilege; hence, it may lead those who like to be in the limelight into competing and arguing with one another to acquire the post of leading the Friday prayer. For this reason, appointing the right person to lead the Friday prayer was left to the discretion of the Sultan, so that he may appoint whomever he feels fit for this esteemed position. As a result, there would be no dispute, for others would be forced into obeying the Sultan and may even fear his punishment. Bada’i al-Sana’i, 1/261

He further states that the above is when the Sultan or his representative is present. However, if the Sultan was not able to attend for one reason or another and the time of Jumu’a Salat came in, then there is nothing wrong in the congregation uniting in the appointment of an Imam and praying behind him. This is supported by what Imam Muhammad has narrated that when Sayyiduna Uthman Allah be pleased with him was surrounded by the enemies, people appointed Sayyiduna Ali Allah be pleased with him to lead them in the Friday prayer. ibid

In light of the above explanation and in light of the explanation given by many other jurists, it is not a condition of the Friday prayer that it be performed in a Muslim land. In the absence of a Sultan or a Muslim ruler, it is completely permissible for the Muslims to choose someone to lead the Friday prayer and such a Friday prayer would be considered valid.

When the Friday prayer is considered valid, it becomes obligatory upon each and every Muslim male to attend the prayer unless there is a dire and genuine excuse. Missing the Friday prayer without a legally accepted excuse would be extremely sinful.

Allah Most High says:

“O you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah Prayer and Khutba and leave all transactions. This is best for you if you know.”
– Sura al-Jumu’a, V: 9

The above is the position of most contemporary Ulama. What you have been told regarding the Syrian Hanafi position, it is incorrect; rather, many top Syrian Ulama concur with the position of the Subcontinent Fuqaha, in that the Friday prayer is obligatory even in the West. I myself once heard Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id Ramadhan al-Buti Allah preserve him refuting quite vigorously the isolated position of Jumu’a not being obligatory in the West.

Hence, your brother will be doing the right thing by looking for an alternative job if he is unable to offer his Jumu’a prayer at his current post. It will not be permitted to take up a career where one is regularly unable to offer one’s Friday prayer, even in the West.

And Allah knows best

Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

via Missing the Friday Prayer in the West Because of Work.

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Duas during oppression, tyranny, difficulties and calamities

Duas during oppression and tyranny

A collection of duas to be read during oppression and tyranny (.exe file – 16 Mb). Rrecited by Sheikh AL- Mishary Alfasy. Arabic text, translation and transliteration included with Arabic recitation.

Qunoot Nazilah

Rasulullah (SAW) sent seventy Sahaaba (RA) who were Qurraa. The tribe of Banu Sulaym surrounded these Sahaaba (RA) by a place called Bir Maâoona and murdered them. Jibraaeel (A.S) informed Rasulullah (SAW) of the incident & conveyed to him the heartfelt message of the Qurraa: “Inform our people that we met our Rabb. He was pleased with us & (in turn) pleased us”. This incident caused great grief to Rasulullah (SAW). Abdullah ibn Masâood (RA) narrates that Rasulullah (SAW) recited Qunoot Naazila for one month continuously cursing the tribe of Bani Sulaym. (Bukhari)

In view of the above, the Fuqahaa have ruled that in a crisis, the Muslims should follow the Sunnah of Qunoot & make Dua for the Ummah. Once again we are in crisis & we should resort to the Sunnah practise.

Download Dua Qunoot Naazilah ( Arabic recitation with translation in Mp3 format. 2.3 Mb )

More Duas

Courtesy: AL-ISLAAH PUBLICATIONS ( www.everymuslim.net )

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ACTION FOR GAZA: PICKET EGYPTIAN EMBASSY 11 JAN

CALL ON THE ARAB-MUSLIM ARMIES TO DEFEND GAZA

Alhamdulillah Muslims in Britain have come out strongly to support their brothers and sisters in Gaza, sincerely protesting, emailing, making dua and giving sadaqah. But we call upon our brothers and sisters doing all of this to join in solidarity with the Muslims on the Arab streets. Muslims are boiling, and screaming for armies such as Egypts to move to defend the people of Gaza. Israel has launched a brutal military assault. It requires nothing less than a military intervention to stop this. It is vital that we increase the pressure on the armies to move and account the corrupt regimes, like that of Hosni Mubarak of Egypt and Bashar Assad of Syria, who continue to betray the men, women and children of Gaza. We urge everyone to support this vital global campaign.

O Believers! Answer the Call of Allah and His Messenger when they call you to that which brings you life

SUNDAY 11TH JANUARY 2009

TIME: 1PM- 4PM

VENUE: 26 South Street, London, W1K 1DW.

Nearest Tubes: Marble Arch & Hyde Park Corner

GAZA PHONE CAMPAIGN:

“MUSLIM-ARAB REGIMES SUPPORT ISRAEL IN THIS MASSACRE?”

PHONE THESE EMBASSIES DAILY TO ASK WHY THEY HAVE SUPPORTED ISRAEL’S

MASSACRE IN GAZA; WHY THEY DID NOTHING TO DEFEND THE PEOPLE OF GAZA & WHY

THEY CONTINUE THEIR TREATIES WITH ISRAEL?

Egyptian Embassy Tel: 020 7499 3304/2401

Jordanian Embassy Tel 020 79373685

Syrian Embassy Tel 020 72459012

Saudi Embassy Tel 020 79173000

Egypt alone has 450,000 regular troops to Israel’s 180,000; and comparable levels of tanks and aircrafts. Combined these countries are overwhelmingly more powerful. Yet they do nothing.

These regimes must send their armies for the sake of Allah to defend the

helpless people of Gaza, or else they should step aside and allow a sincere

Islamic leadership to do so.

via ACTION FOR GAZA: PICKET EGYPTIAN EMBASSY 11 JAN.

Top 5 Lies About Israel’s Assault on Gaza

From GazaTalk.com

Lie #1) Israel is only targeting legitimate military sites and is seeking to protect innocent lives. Israel never targets civilians.

Location of Gaza Strip
Image via Wikipedia

The Gaza Strip is one of the most densely populated pieces of property in the world. The presence of militants within a civilian population does not, under international law, deprive that population of their protected status, and hence any assault upon that population under the guise of targeting militants is, in fact, a war crime.

Moreover, the people Israel claims are legitimate targets are members of Hamas, which Israel says is a terrorist organization. Hamas has been responsible for firing rockets into Israel. These rockets are extremely inaccurate and thus, even if Hamas intended to hit military targets within Israel, are indiscriminate by nature. When rockets from Gaza kill Israeli civilians, it is a war crime.

Hamas has a military wing. However, it is not entirely a military organization, but a political one. Members of Hamas are the democratically elected representatives of the Palestinian people. Dozens of these elected leaders have been kidnapped and held in Israeli prisons without charge. Others have been targeted for assassination, such as Nizar Rayan, a top Hamas official. To kill Rayan, Israel targeted a residential apartment building. The strike not only killed Rayan but two of his wives and four of his children, along with six others. There is no justification for such an attack under international law. This was a war crime.

Other of Israel’s bombardment with protected status under international law have included a mosque, a prison, police stations, and a university, in addition to residential buildings.

Moreover, Israel has long held Gaza under siege, allowing only the most minimal amounts of humanitarian supplies to enter. Israel is bombing and killing Palestinian civilians. Countless more have been wounded, and cannot receive medical attention. Hospitals running on generators have little or no fuel. Doctors have no proper equipment or medical supplies to treat the injured. These people, too, are the victims of Israeli policies targeted not at Hamas or legitimate military targets, but directly designed to punish the civilian population.

Lie #2) Hamas violated the cease-fire. The Israeli bombardment is a response to Palestinian rocket fire and is designed to end such rocket attacks.

Israel never observed the cease-fire to begin with. From the beginning, it announced a “special security zone” within the Gaza Strip and announced that Palestinians who enter this zone will be fired upon. In other words, Israel announced its intention that Israeli soldiers would shoot at farmers and other individuals attempting to reach their own land in direct violation of not only the cease-fire but international law.

Despite shooting incidents, including ones resulting in Palestinians getting injured, Hamas still held to the cease-fire from the time it went into effect on June 19 until Israel effectively ended the truce on November 4 by launching an airstrike into Gaza that killed five and injured several others.

Israel’s violation of the cease-fire predictably resulted in retaliation from militants in Gaza who fired rockets into Israel in response. The increased barrage of rocket fire at the end of December is being used as justification for the continued Israeli bombardment, but is a direct response by militants to the Israeli attacks.

Israel’s actions, including its violation of the cease-fire, predictably resulted in an escalation of rocket attacks against its own population.

Lie #3) Hamas is using human shields, a war crime.

There has been no evidence that Hamas has used human shields. The fact is, as previously noted, Gaza is a small piece of property that is densely populated. Israel engages in indiscriminate warfare such as the assassination of Nizar Rayan, in which members of his family were also murdered. It is victims like his dead children that Israel defines as “human shields” in its propaganda. There is no legitimacy for this interpretation under international law. In circumstances such as these, Hamas is not using human shields, Israel is committing war crimes in violation of the Geneva Conventions and other applicable international law.

Lie #4) Arab nations have not condemned Israel’s actions because they understand Israel’s justification for its assault.

The populations of those Arab countries are outraged at Israel’s actions and at their own governments for not condemning Israel’s assault and acting to end the violence. Simply stated, the Arab governments do not represent their respective Arab populations. The populations of the Arab nations have staged mass protests in opposition to not only Israel’s actions but also the inaction of their own governments and what they view as either complacency or complicity in Israel’s crimes.

Moreover, the refusal of Arab nations to take action to come to the aid of the Palestinians is not because they agree with Israel’s actions, but because they are submissive to the will of the US, which fully supports Israel. Egypt, for instance, which refused to open the border to allow Palestinians wounded in the attacks to get medical treatment in Egyptian hospitals, is heavily dependent upon US aid, and is being widely criticized within the population of the Arab countries for what is viewed as an absolute betrayal of the Gaza Palestinians.

Even Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has been regarded as a traitor to his own people for blaming Hamas for the suffering of the people of Gaza. Palestinians are also well aware of Abbas’ past perceived betrayals in conniving with Israel and the US to sideline the democratically elected Hamas government, culminating in a counter-coup by Hamas in which it expelled Fatah (the military wing of Abbas’ Palestine Authority) from the Gaza Strip. While his apparent goal was to weaken Hamas and strengthen his own position, the Palestinians and other Arabs in the Middle East are so outraged at Abbas that it is unlikely he will be able to govern effectively.

Lie #5) Israel is not responsible for civilian deaths because it warned the Palestinians of Gaza to flee areas that might be targeted.

Israel claims it sent radio and telephone text messages to residents of Gaza warning them to flee from the coming bombardment. But the people of Gaza have nowhere to flee to. They are trapped within the Gaza Strip. It is by Israeli design that they cannot escape across the border. It is by Israeli design that they have no food, water, or fuel by which to survive. It is by Israeli design that hospitals in Gaza have no electricity and few medical supplies with which to treat the injured and save lives. And Israel has bombed vast areas of Gaza, targeting civilian infrastructure and other sites with protected status under international law. No place is safe within the Gaza Strip.

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Question on the Friday Khutbah: Dr. Abdullah Bin Bayyah

Question on the Friday Khutbah: Dr. Abdullah Bin Bayyah

The Question:

“Is allowable for me to pray behind and Imam who reads the second khutbah in a language other than Arabic?”

The Answer:

The origin is that the Friday sermon is conducted in the Arabic Language and this is the opinion of the majority of the scholars. However, Abu Hanifa, may Allah have mercy upon him, allowed for the sermon to be given in a language other than Arabic. Therefore, there is nothing to stop one from praying with this Imam particularly if the people of that country do not [speak/understand] Arabic. However, we advice this Imam to, at a minimum, mention a few words in Arabic during the Friday sermon such as, remember Allah and seek Allah’s pardon. These [Arabic phrases] will allow this Imam to avoid falling into a disliked act, differences and doubts that surround this issue. We ask Allah to guide you and us.

Source: Dr. Abdullah bin Bayyah

Friday Khutbah (09 Feb 2007): Lesson from Hijra

Lesson from Hijra

It coincides with the beginning of the new Hijra year, which is capitol and important occasion in the history of Muslims. What we can do perhaps in few minutes is just highlight in very brief manner seven lessons that we can learn from this event of Hijra (the Migration to Madina).

First Lesson:
The first lesson reminds us with the grace of Allah and his generosity and care about his creation by sending prophets and Messengers to guide humans to the path of Allah and to bring people forth from darkness into light as we read in the Quraan Allah counts his favours. Indeed Allah has bestowed his favour upon the unlettered people, when he sent to them a prophet from among themselves, rehearsing to them.The verses of Allah, to purify them and to teach them the book and the wisdom, even though hence for, they have been in manifest error. This grace of Allah was never a monopoly of the Israelites, nor was it a monopoly of the children of Ismaiil either, but, it was a grace that embrace the whole of humanity, as we read in the Quraan Indeed we have sent in every nation a messenger, meaning teaching namely, worship Allah and ovoid false gods.

The Quraan makes it clear that this mission include it all people, even though some names of the prophets do not appear in the Quraan, Allah says there is no nation or group of people, except that a warner has been sent to them.

Second Lesson:
The second lesson from Hijra reminds us, not only with the phenomenon of sending prophets, but also choosing prophets, as the role model of their people in particular, and humanity at large. Indeed Allah choose the best for his mission, to convey his mission, and that is why Muslims differ. With some literatures we find in previous scriptures, attributing majors sins to those great prophets, for indeed when Allah sent his prophets as he says Allah knows best, where to put his message, or to entrust his message. And surely Allah will not entrust his message, except to the people, who are the purest of hearts, the most clean in their souls, and the most truthful in their words. These are the prophets, respected by Muslims, and indeed all of those good qualities and the essence of that message, has been embodied in the mission of prophet Muhammad, the Man who was truthful as he was called even by his people before his mission.
Third Lesson:
Thirdly, Hijra reminds us with some of the luminous aspects as well as the dark aspects of human nature. It reminds us with the dark aspects in the form of the opposition, and the stance, taken by the idol Arabs, in the face of the call to Allah. Their pride, and vanity and refusal to follow the truth, even though they know it, as Quraan sometimes caught them, admitting, this is the truth, not only this, moving on from there, even to try to prevent and discourage people from following the path of truth, and worst of all, torture, even kill those who chose Islam as their way of life.But in the meantime, we don’t look at humanity with pessimism or optimism, there are both elements there. We look at the luminous aspect of human nature, in the position of the believers, who persevered in patience, in the face of all hurt and assaults against them, and their adherence to the truth that has been revealed onto them, and their readiness to sacrifice their properties and their persons to please Allah.

Fourth Lesson:
The forth lesson from Hijra reminds us with great models and examples of trust in Allah and dependence upon him. Especially when the going becomes rough and difficult, here we see the elect of Allah Muhammad, with his companion Abu Bakr hiding in the cave of thour and those who pursuing them to kill them, reach, just the mouth of the cave, and scared not for himself, but for the prophet, Abu Bakr whispers in the prophet’s ear, if any of them even looked under his feet, he will see us. But then, we get the response of some one who never wavers in his trust in Allah under any circumstance, he tells him with great fortitude, don’t you grieve, suffice Allah, for us, Allah is with us.
Fifth Lesson:
Fifthry, it reminds us also, of the duty of a Muslim, when he or she, can not even fulfil their basic, duties, to migrate, not to migrate to make more money or get higher position, no, the real migration require sacrifice is that intend to be able to practice Islam and carry the message of Islam to the rest of humanity.
Sixth Lesson:
The sixth lesson from Hijra that it reminds us, that Islam is not a religion, in the commonly understood or perceived meaning of religion. In the secular west, and even among some religious people, where religion has been marginalised, to refer only to acts of worship, or certain beliefs, or some aspects of moral behaviour. It reminds us, that Islam is a complete way of living.For the early Muslims, they could have simply stayed in Mecca, rather than leaving their properties, and suffer. They could have prayed secretly in their homes or in the desert. They could have fasted, they could have paid zakat. Who that prevented them from doing this, but that was not the point, the Hijra was not just about going to a place where they can pray and fast or pay zakat, but to a place where they can implement the teaching of Islam in its entirety and comprehensiveness.

In all aspects of their individual, spiritual, social, moral, economic, and yes political life, or way of governess in accordance with the guidance of Allah, that is realizing the true vision of Islam. A complete and comprehensive vision, that is based on understanding of Allah, understanding of the nature of the human, understanding of the universe that Allah created for our use, and the relationship between all ofthose, and achieving the higher objectives of Shariaa, or the higher objectives of the final comprehensive way of life, rather than religion, used in the west.

Seventh Lesson:
Finally, migration also reminds us of the duty of Muslims, to defend or fight for legitimate freedom and their legitimate rights. And stand in the face of all forms of aggression against those rights, against tyranny, oppression, ethnic cleansing, occupation. Even if that requires as a last resort, military confrontation in the battle field. That is why we see the first verse as the scholar suppose, give the Muslims for the first time the right to carry arms, instead of the stage, where they were required to hold back their hands and perform salat, they come a time.And we read it clearly in chapter Haj, that permission has been given to those who have been fought against, not they fought against other, that indeed they were wrong. And that Allah is able to give them victory. And the Quraan continues those driven from their homes, without any due cause, or reason, except that they said our lord is Allah. So let us remember in this place and time our brothers and sisters who are suffering all kind of oppression, murder, ethnic cleansing, occupation and destruction in every place in the world, praying to Allah to destroy those who are occupying and destroy those who are inflicting murder, injustice, bloodshed against them. May Allah help them to restore thdr legitimate rights and destroy those who are destroying them, for indeed Allah is able to do it.

We pray to Allah as we reflect in this few minutes on some of the profound lessons of Hijra. We pray to Allah to reform us as Muslim as to be de servant of his victory, for his victory is promised, not to Muslim who pay lip service to Islam. Allah said indeed we have decreed upon us that we give victory, not to Muslim, but to believers. May Allah make us in higher degree than official Islam give us the quality of Mumin as to deserve his long promised victory which is coming. [Please listen to audio for reminder of the khutbah]

Friday Khutbah (26 Jan 2007): The Day of Asyura and Its Lessons

The Day of Asyura and Its Lessons

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Brothers,
I would like to call upon myself and my dear brothers, to instill in us taqwa to Allah s.w.t, by abiding all the He has commanded, by following Islam truthfully, and avoiding all that Allah has forbidden. And by doing all that, we pray to Allah that our taqwa will increase and be strengthened further, amen.

May brothers,
This Monday, the Day of Asyura will dawn upon us. Do we know what is the Day of Asyura? It is the tenth day of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar.

The Day of Asyura is a day of historical significance. Many important events occurred on this day.

It was reported that Prophet Noah’s ark came ashore on Mount Judiy on the the Day of Asyura. It was reported also that Prophet Musa a.s was saved by Allah from Pharaoh on this day. And to remind them of this significant event and to glorify the Day of Asyura, the Jews fast on that day.

This tradition of glorifying the Day of Asyura was not limited among the Jews themselves. The Arabs before our Prophet’s time also glorified the Day of Asyura.

The Arabs used to change the Kaabah’s curtain on this day. They also fasted on the Day of Asyura. In a hadith narrated by Imam Bukhari and Muslim, Rasulullah s.a.w wife, ‘Aisyah r.a said:
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Which means: The Arabs used to fast on the Day of Asyura before the command to fast during Ramadan was revealed. They also will clothed the Kaabah on this day.

Brothers,
Is it proper for us to celebrate and glorify the Day of Asyura? To answer it, we must refer to Al-Quran and Sunnah.

Allah s.w.t says in surah At-Taubah, verse 36:
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Which means: Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein, and fight against the idolaters collectively , as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allah is with those who are pious.
It is forbidden to go to war on these four sacred months. It is also encouraged for us to fast many days on these months. The Prophet s.a.w said in a hadith narrated by Ibn Majah:
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Which means: Fast in those sacred months.

The four sacred months are Rejab, Zulkaedah, Zulhijjah dan Muharram. And the Day of Asyura occurs on the 10th day of Muharram.

With regards to the virtues of fasting on Day of Asyura, the Prophet s.a.w said in a hadith sahih narrated by Imam Muslim:

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Which means: I hope that by fasting on the Day of Asyura, Allah will forgive last year’s sins.

This is reward that awaits those who fast with sincerity on the Day of Asyura. And it was reported in a hadith that before the fast in Ramadan was made obligatory, Rasulullah s.a.w told Muslims to fast on the Day of Asyura.

But fasting is encouraged not just on the Day of Asyura per se. In fact, it is also encouraged to fast on the first 10 days of Muharram, and on the 13, 14 dan 15 days Muharram. Allah s.w.t says in surah Al-Fajr, ayat 2:
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Which means: And by the ten nights.

Some scholars of tafsir said that those 10 days belong to the first 10 days of Muharram.

Let us grasp this golden opportunity. We star the new year by showing servitude to Allah. And we hope by doing that, the rest of this year will see us getting closer to Allah.

Brothers,
The command to fast in the month of Ramadan was revealed by Allah on the second year of Hijrah. In the first year, the Prophet s.a.w command Muslims to fast on the Day of Asyura. This is supported be the following hadith narrated Bukhari and Muslim from Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a:
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Which means: When the Prophet s.a.w reached Medina, he found that the Jews were fasted on the Day of Asyura. He asked them: What is the significance of this day that you all fast in it? They answered: “This is the day which Allah s.w.t saved Prophet Musa a.s and his people, and the day Allah drowned the Pharaoh and his army. So Prophet Musa a.s fasted on this day as a sign of gratefulness to Allah.” The Prophet s.a.w said again: “We have more rights on Prophet Musa a.s then you all”. So he fasted on the day of Asyura, and he commanded Muslims to do likewise.

In the hadith that I recited just now, it is clear that Rasulullah s.a.w did not feel shy to ask from other people about certain matter, event from the Jews. And the Prophet s.a.w did not shy from incorporating what is good in other community to Islam. There are two lessons that can be learned from.

First: We must push aside any feelings of embarrassment and shyness when we are studying and gleaning knowledge from other communities, regardless of race and religion.

Allah s.w.t gives knowledge to whomever He wishes, regardless of race and religion. So one community cannot look down on others. Each community has its own strength and weaknesses. WE learn from strength of other communities to lessen the weaknesses in our community. And if we do this, the racial gap can be minimized.

The second lesson is that we cannot be stingy from sharing knowledge to others, even though they are not of the same race or religion. The Jews themselves did not withhold information from our Prophet s.a.w on their reason for fasting on the Day of Asyura.

Thus, we are required to share with others, especially the non-Muslims, the beauty, purity and simplicity of Islam. This exchange of information will give rise to a worthwhile conclusion. The person either embraces Islam, or they will understand our religion, like we with theirs.

In the end, the community will live together harmoniously because the understanding between the different religions already existed.

These are the two lessons that can be learnt from the story on the Day of Asyura. We cannot shy away from asking for knowledge, and we must not refrain from sharing with others about Islam.

May Allah s.w.t accept our fast on the Day of Asyura, amen.

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