The Greatest Ten Days of This World…

Image of the ka'aba in Makkah.
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What is the significance of the first ten days of Dhul Hijja?

  1. Allah honored them when he swears an oath by them in the Qur’an as well, and swearing an oath by something is indicative of its importance and great benefit.Allah says 89-1/2 (By the dawn; by the 10 nights). Ibn Abbas, Ibn al-Zubayr, Mujahid and others of the earlier and later generations said that this refers to the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. Ibn Katheer said: “This is the correct opinion.”
  2. Allah completed our religion in our of its days, the day of Arafa, as He revealed to the Prophet peace be upon him: 5-3 (This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.) It was a Friday and the Prophet peace be upon him was standing on mount Arafa.
  3. These ten days are the completion of the forty days that Allah appointed for Musa peace be upon him, Allah says: 7-143 (We appointed for Musa thirty nights, and completed (the period) with ten (more): thus was completed the term (of communion) with his Lord, forty nights.) Ibn kathir may Allah have mercy on him said: â??The scholars of tafseer have different opinions on the meaning of these ten days. The majority are of the opinion that the thirty days are the month of Dhul Qiada and the ten are the first of Dhul Hijja; Mujahid, Masrouq, and Ibn Jarij said this, it was also related to Ibn Abbas and others.
  4. These ten days complete the months of Hajj 2-197 (For Hajj are the months well-known. If any one undertakes that duty therein, let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the Hajj and whatever good ye do, (be sure) Allah knoweth it.)
  5. These ten days are the appointed days that Allah prescribed for us to celebrate His name for the blessings He has bestowed upon us. Allah says: 22-28 (That they may witness the benefits (provided) for them, and celebrate the name of Allah, through the Days Appointed, over the cattle which He has provided for them.) Ibn Rajab may Allah have mercy on him said: “The majority of scholars agree that the ‘appointed days’ are the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah”.
  6. Good deeds in these ten days are more beloved to Allah than in the rest of the year. The Prophet peace be upon him said: â??There are no days during which good deeds are more beloved to Allah than these days; meaning the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. They inquired: Not even Jihad in the cause of Allah? He said: Not even Jihad in the cause of Allah, unless one goes out for Jihad sacrificing both his life and property and returning with neither.
  7. These days are the greatest days of the year. The Prophet peace be upon him said: “The greatest days of the World are (these) ten days”  Ibn Rajab may Allah have mercy on him said: “The apparent reason for the preference of the ten days of Dhul Hijja is that it all the main form of worship are performed in it; Prayer, Fasting, Zakah, and Hajj, and this does not happen in any other days”.
  8. These ten days are in the sacred months (The sacred months are Dhul Qiada, Dhul Hijja, Muharam, and Ragab.) 9-36 (The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year), so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are sacred: that is the straight usage. So wrong not yourselves therein)
  9. It has the day of Arafa in it. The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said: “There is no day when Allah sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of Arafah. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these seek?”
  10. It has the day of Nahr. The Prophet peace be upon him said: “This is the greatest Day (i.e. 10th of Dhul Hijjah).”

What should we do in these days?

  1. Making remembrance of Allah, this is general, all kinds of dhikr, reading Quran, making salah and salam on the Prophet peace be upon him, Allah says: 22-28 (and celebrate the name of Allah, through the Days Appointed). There is also specific dhikr which should be done in these days, the Prophet peace be upon him said: “There is no day more honorable in Allah’s sight and no acts more beloved therein to Allah than those in these ten days. So say tahlil (There is no deity worthy of worship but Allah : La ilaha illAllah ), takbir (Allah is the greatest : Allahu Akbar) and tahmid (All praise is due to Allah : alhamdulillah) a lot [on those days].” Ibn Umar and Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with them) used to go out to the marketplaces during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah and recite out loud the takbeer and people would repeat it after them. It is commended to recite them out loud (women should do it silently) in marketplaces, at homes, roads, mosques and elsewhere.
  2. Fasting the first nine days (the tenth day is the day of eid, and you are not allow to fast this day) especially the day of Arafa (the ninth day). It was related by the wives of the Prophet may Allah be pleased with them that the Prophet peace be upon him used to fast all of these nine days. The Prophet peace be upon him said: â??Any slave of Allah who observes fast of a day in the cause of Allah, Allah would separate between him and the Fire a distance of seventy years on account of observing that day. The Prophet also said about fasting the day of Arafa: “I expect Allah to expiate the sins that were committed during the preceding year, and the sins that will be committed in the year after”.
  3. Praying at night (qiyam). Saeid ibn jubair may Allah have mercy on him used to say: “do not turn out your lights during the ten night”, and he would do acts of worship until he was barely able to do any more.
  4. Sacrificing and slaughter of an animal on the 10th day of Dhul Hijjah. Some scholars say this is Wajib, but the jimhoor (vast majority) say it is Sunnah Mu’akadah (important sunnah). When you sacrifice you say “bismillah Allahu akbar Allahuma 3any wa3an ahl baity” (“In the name of Allah – Allahu akbar – oh Allah this is for me and my family.”) Reputable scholars all agree that doing the sacrifice is better than giving its equivalent, because sacrifice is a worship in and of itself. A leader of the household can sacrifice for himself and for his dependants such as children, women and men like the sahabah and salaf used to do. One planning on sacrificing should not cut his hair or nails until sacrifice is complete. This only applies to the head of the house who is paying for the sacrifice and not his dependants. It is not requested that you do it by hand however that is the best, you may oversee the sacrifice as well or if unable give the power to someone to do this for you. The sacrifice should be done after ‘Eid prayer and you have until three days after, the Prophet peace be upon him ordered those who sacrificed before prayer to do it again.
  5. The Muslim must make sure to observe Eid prayer in its designated place, and attend the khutbah of the Eid. Makhnaf ibn Seleem, who is counted as a companion, said: â??Going out to the prayer of the day Fitr is equivalent to (doing) Umrah and going out to the prayer of the day of Addha is equivalent to (doing) Hajj.
  6. One should generally try to do more good deeds and try to stop the evil deeds. Here are some examples of deeds that you can do: The Prophet peace be upon him said: “Whoever walks to a prescribed prayer in congregation it is like (doing) one Hajj” he also said “He who observed the Isha in congregation it was a if he prayed until the middle of the night and he who observes Fajr in congregation it is as if has prayed the whole night” he also said “A person can attain with his good manners the levels of the one who fasts (everyday) and stands (all night praying)”.
  7. Performing Hajj and Umrah, which are the best of all observances. Its excellence is signified by many Prophetic traditions. The Prophet peace be upon him said: “Performing Umrah and following it with another expiates sins that are committed in between. And the perfect Hajj would be rewarded with nothing other than Jannah”. He also said: “Whoever performs hajj to this Ka’ba and does not approach his wife for sexual relations nor commit sins (while performing hajj), he will come out as sinless as a new-born child, (just delivered by his mother)”.

These ten days will start on Thursday or Friday insha Allah. May Allah help us to use these days the best way we can, and may He accept from us our deeds and forgive our shortcomings.

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The Greatest Ten Days of This World…

The first ten days are a great blessing from Allah to His servants, which is appreciated properly by the righteous persons. It is the Muslimâ??s duty to appreciate this blessing and seize the opportunity, by devoting these ten days to paying more attention to striving hard in worship. Among His blessings to His servants, Allah has given us many ways in which to do good and worship Him, so that the Muslim may be constantly active and consistent in his worship of his Lord. Among the good deeds which the Muslim should strive to do during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are:

1- Fasting: It is Sunnah to fast on the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) urged us to do good deeds during this time, and fasting is one of the best of deeds. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah. Hunaydah Ibn Khalid quoted some of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying: “The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, on the day of `Ashurah, on three days of each month, and on the first two Mondays and Thursdays of each month.” (Reported by An-Nisa’i, 4/205)

2- Takbir: It is Sunnah to say takbir, tahmid, tahlil, and tasbih during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, and to say it loudly in the mosque, the home, the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allah and mention His name out loud, as an act of worship and as a proclamation of the greatness of Allah, may He be exalted. Men should recite these phrases out loud, and women should recite them quietly. Allah says: (That they might witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e., reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention the name of Allah on appointed days, over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice)… ) (Al-Hajj 22:28) The majority of scholars agree that the “appointed days” are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, because of the words of Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father): “The â??appointed daysâ?? are the first ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah).”

Takbir at this time is an aspect of the Sunnah that has been forgotten, especially during the early part of this period, so much so that one hardly ever hears takbir, except from a few people. This takbir should be pronounced loudly, in order to revive the Sunnah and as a reminder to the negligent. There is sound evidence that Ibn `Umar and Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with them both) used to go out in the marketplace during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, reciting takbir, and the people would recite it after him. The idea behind reminding the people to recite this is that each one should recite it individually, not in unison, as there is no basis in Shari`ah for doing this.

3- Performing Hajj and `Umrah: One of the best deeds that one can do during these ten days is to perform Hajj to the Sacred House of Allah. The one whom Allah helps to offer Hajj to His House and to perform all the rituals properly is included in the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him): “An accepted Hajj brings no less a reward than Paradise.”

4- Doing more good deeds in general: This is because good deeds are beloved by Allah and earn one a great reward. Whoever is not able to offer Hajj should occupy himself at this blessed time with acts of worship, offering Prayers, reading the Qurâ??an, remembering Allah, making supplications, giving in charity, showing dutifulness to parents, maintaining the ties of kinship, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil, and other good deeds and acts of worship.

5- Sacrifice: One of the good deeds that will bring a person closer to Allah during these ten days is offering a sacrifice.

6- Sincere repentance: One of the most important things to do during these ten days is to repent sincerely to Allah and to give up all kinds of disobedience and sin.

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Friday Khutbah (15 December 2006): The Value of Patience in Life

Islamic Religious Council of Singapore
Friday Sermon
15 December 2006 / 24 Zulkaedah 1427
The Value of Patience in Life

Friday Khutbah (15 December 2006) Download

Maâ??asyiral Muslimin rahimakumullah,

Together, let us improve and raise our level of taqwa to Allah s.w.t. by doing everything that He as commanded us to do and to refrain from all that He has forbade us from doing. And hopefully; by doing so, we will be able to get His blessings and His acceptances for all our actions here on our short stay on earth.

During these times, we see one very important quality in those who are pious. This quality will help us get through the challenges and setbacks that we face in life with perseverance that is strong and robust. This quality, is called patience

Brothers,
In the context of life which we currently live in, it does not matter where we are; we are constantly being tested by Allah s.w.t. with a lot of challenges and setbacks. Allahâ??s tests are major. He tests each and every one of His creations, whether they are Prophets or just any other human being on earth.

In this case, Allah s.w.t. has mentioned in the holy Al-Qurâ??an:

Which means: â??We shall certainly test you with fear and hunger, and loss of property, lives and crops. But give good news to those who are patient.â? [Al-Baqarah-155]

Brothers,

In the verse that was just mentioned. It is clear that Allah s.w.t. the Almighty is Most-able to test us, and He will continue to do so. Allah s.w.t. will constantly test the level and value of our patience.

When we talk about patience, have we ever asked ourselves what is the true meaning of patience in Islam?

Brothers,
Patience, as defined by Imam Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali in his well-known book Ihyaâ?? Ulumuddin, is likened to a group of religiously influenced people fighting against another group which is influenced by emotions and desires.

In Islam, there are three types of patience:

Firstly: Patience in handling challenges and Allahâ??s tests
Let us look back at the history of our Prophets and Messengers sent by Allah azza wa jalla. From as early as the days of Adam a.s. till the blessed days of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., they were strong and patient when being challenged and tested and were steadfast throughout their lives.

As an example, Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. during his glorious lifetime was often famished and in hunger. He never ever had a full meal. There were times when he even tied his stomach with a few rocks to hold his agony in hunger

Secondly: Patience in obeying to Allahâ??s commands.
In our daily lives, especially when performing our ibadats and rituals, we are taught to be patient and to be steadfast to Allahâ??s orders.

Saiyiduna Umar bin Abdul Aziz r.a. once said : â??The best kind of act is one that is forced upon oneself. (To train one selfâ??s patience)â?.

The obedience of a Muslim towards Allah s.w.t. and his Messenger s.a.w. must be based and backed by a strong character of patience. This is because without patience; it is hard for us to consistently perform all our religious obligations with complete sincerity.

With related to being patient when performing our obligations to Allah s.w.t. A verse in the Qurâ??an states:

Means: â?And be patient to Allahâ??s commandments, for you are under our observance, and celebrate the praises of Thy Lord the while Thou standest forth,â? [At-Thur : 48]

Thirdly: Patience in refraining oneself from doing bad and unlawful acts which have been prohibited by Allah s.w.t.

In the context, when trying to stay away from bad and unruly acts, our patience can really be tested. To refrain from doing things that attract Allahâ??s wrath is especially hard.

For example, it is very hard for a man to avoid the urge of wanting to look at a beautiful lady, especially if she is not fully covering her modesty.

Patience is also needed for us to not hurt others; especially our wives, our children and our parents.

Also, to refrain from saying anything bad about another person, to backstab, to condemn and criticize others, to talk about another personâ??s weaknesses for no apparent reason. Patience is very much required to be part of ourselves, as our values and principles in life.

Without patience, some of us may have put ourselves in a very lowly position as Allahâ??s slaves by becoming a slave to our own urges and desires.

In relation to this, Allah azza wa jalla had mentioned in the Qurâ??an in Surah Yusuf, verse 53:

Meaning: â??I do not pretend to be blameless, for manâ??s very soul incites him to evil unless my Lord shows mercy. He is Most Forgiving, Most Mercifulâ?.

Brothers,
As Muslims, we must be aware that to have patience is very important for all human beings. It is an extremely respectful character for us to have.

As Muslims we have to believe that patience is a quality that is very important for all of us to have in ourselves. And humans cannot afford to abstain themselves from this precious character.

Most importantly, for some of us who are trying to get through our rigorous lifestyles. There is a challenge for us to try and understand the true meaning of Islam. And there is also the challenge to present Islam as a religion that is a blessing to all of mankind. These challenges have to be faced with a great amount of patience as well as intelligence. If we are able to do so; Insya Allah, our community will be one that is strong in its principles, and also as one that can contribute positively for its religion and nation.

By making patience as part of our character; may we be able to succeed in this lifetime and in the hereafter. Amin Ya Robbal â??alamin.

Friday Khutbah (08-Dec-2006): “.. And do not follow in the footsteps of satan. …”

[audio:http://www.fridaykhutbah.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/friday_khutbah_08dec2006.mp3]

002.168
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُوا مِمَّا فِي الأرْضِ حَلالا طَيِّبًا وَلا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُبِينٌ

002.168
إِنَّمَا يَأْمُرُكُمْ بِالسُّوءِ وَالْفَحْشَاءِ وَأَنْ تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لا تَعْلَمُونَ

002.168 Ya ayyuha alnnasu kuloo mimma fee al-ardi halalan tayyiban wala tattabiAAoo khutuwati alshshaytani innahu lakum AAaduwwun mubeenun
002.169 Innama ya/murukum bialssoo-i waalfahsha-i waan taqooloo AAala Allahi ma la taAAlamoona

002.168 O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, Lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of the evil one, for he is to you an avowed enemy.
002.169 For he commands you what is evil and shameful, and that ye should say of Allah that of which ye have no knowledge.

Al-Qur’an, 002.168-169 (Al-Baqara [The Cow])

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024.021
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ وَمَنْ يَتَّبِعْ خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْمُرُ بِالْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَلَوْلا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ مَا زَكَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ أَبَدًا وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يُزَكِّي مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

024.021 Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo la tattabiAAoo khutuwati alshshaytani waman yattabiAA khutuwati alshshaytani fa-innahu ya/muru bialfahsha-i waalmunkari walawla fadlu Allahi AAalaykum warahmatuhu ma zaka minkum min ahadin abadan walakinna Allaha yuzakkee man yashao waAllahu sameeAAun AAaleemun

024.021 O ye who believe! follow not Satan’s footsteps: if any will follow the footsteps of Satan, he will (but) command what is shameful and wrong: and were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, not one of you would ever have been pure: but Allah doth purify whom He pleases: and Allah is One Who hears and knows (all things).

Al-Qur’an, 024.021 (An-Noor [The Light])

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Friday Khutbah (01-Dec-2006): “.. the women of the Muslims to cover their faces …”

[audio:friday_khutbah_01Dec2006.mp3]

033.059 Ù?Ù?ا Ø£Ù?Ù?Ù?ُÙ?Ù?ا اÙ?Ù?Ù?Ù?بِÙ?Ù?ُ Ù?ُÙ?Ù? Ù?أزÙ?Ù?Ù?اجِÙ?Ù? Ù?Ù?بÙ?Ù?Ù?اتِÙ?Ù? Ù?Ù?Ù?ِسÙ?اءِ اÙ?Ù?Ù?ُؤÙ?Ù?ِÙ?ِÙ?Ù?Ù? Ù?ُدÙ?Ù?ِÙ?Ù?Ù? عÙ?Ù?Ù?Ù?Ù?Ù?ِÙ?Ù?Ù? Ù?ِÙ?Ù? جÙ?Ù?ابِÙ?بِÙ?ِÙ?Ù?Ù? Ø°Ù?Ù?ِÙ?Ù? Ø£Ù?دÙ?Ù?Ù?Ù? Ø£Ù?Ù?Ù? Ù?ُعÙ?رÙ?فÙ?Ù?Ù? فÙ?Ù?ا Ù?ُؤÙ?Ø°Ù?Ù?Ù?Ù?Ù? Ù?Ù?Ù?Ù?اÙ?Ù? اÙ?Ù?Ù?Ù?Ù?ُ غÙ?فُÙ?رÙ?ا رÙ?حِÙ?Ù?Ù?ا

033.059 Ya ayyuha alnnabiyyu qul li-azwajika wabanatika wanisa-i almu/mineena yudneena AAalayhinna min jalabeebihinna thalika adna an yuAArafna fala yu/thayna wakana Allahu ghafooran raheeman

033.059 O Prophet! Command your wives and your daughters and the women of the Muslims to cover their faces with a part of their cloaks; this is closer to their being recognised and not being harassed; and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful. (It is incumbent upon women to cover themselves properly.)

Al-Qur’an, 033.059 (Al-Ahzab [The Clans, the Coalition, the Combined Forces])